ag恒峰

ag恒峰

婁底日報 婁底晚報 婁底新新網 婁底手機報 新聞中心 縣市區 法治 專題 房產家居 圖吧 活動 更多
婁底新新網 > 文化 > 湘中民俗 > 正文

湖南梅山拳兵器淵源形成與發展

2018/6/5 10:32:11   來源:婁底新新網  
梅山,位于湖南中部,沅湘之間,古稱巖邑蠻夷,為現新化王爺山,梅山拳,就是在這片古老神奇的土地上形成發展起來的獨特兵器。

meishan,weiyuhunanzhongbu,yuanxiangzhijian,guchengyanyimanyi,weixianxinhuawangyeshan,meishanquan,jiushizaizhepiangulaoshenqidetudishangxingchengfazhanqilaidedutebingqi。meishanquanbingqiqianshenshiwangyeshandazhongdeshibabanwuyi,cong20shiji70niandaikaishi,youchenyiqiuchuanchengrenshenrujingxindewajuezhengli,shoucijiangwangyeshan“da”shibabanwuyiguanming“meishanquanbingqi”。

meishanquanbingqishiyumeishanquanjijifatongshichanshengde,tushouzhiwai,biyoubingqi,meishanquanbingqijiuyingzaizheerchanshengle。bingqiyuquanzhongyouzhijiedelianxi。meishanquanshizaitongyeshoubodouzhong,zaiyuqinlvezhesishazhongxingchengde,tashifazhanshengchan,baoweijiayuandechanwu,suoyizhishaozaikaitou,tayushengchanlaodongjinmidilianxizaiyiqi。shengchangongju、shenghuoyongju,dadoutongshiyoushibingqi。zhishisuizhuquanzhongjijifadefazhan,tebieshizhanzhengzhongbiedequanzhongjijifadejieru,meishanquanbingqiyuelaiyuefengfule。

梅山是中華武術的主要發源地之一,是九黎(三苗)、百越人的發祥地。中國歷史上夏朝是百越人所建立的王朝。《吳越文化志》等有關文獻記載:百越族北上建立王朝。古代江南土著呼“人”的方音,“越”就是“人”的意思。百越的“百”是多數、約數而不是確數。百越是南方諸民族的泛稱。為此,梅山是諸多民族“祖先居住的地方”;在廣西、廣東、東南亞各地和歐美各國,尤其湘西苗區,則認為“梅山”是祖神上天的“天梯”。梅山拳兵器的產生、發展是多民族的智慧的結晶,那時梅山祖先就憑兩個拳頭和自己研制的兵器,自從盤古開天地,三皇五帝到宋朝,與歷朝歷代的統治者針鋒相對,誓死保衛家園,居然沒有被征服!這不只是神奇,簡直是奇跡——人類史上少有的奇跡!單憑這一點,梅山拳兵器就很值得研究,因老祖宗創造這份珍貴遺產文化的意義無法估量,這也是婁底市文體廣新局設立“梅山拳兵器非遺館”的目的,遵照《中國非遺法》的要求,秉著繼承、弘揚為宗旨,造福于民為目標,承前啟后之壯舉。

ag恒峰jingguoshuqianniandechuanchengyufazhan,meishanquanbingqixingchenglegezhonggeyangdetaolu,zonggongyou1100zhong,qizhongfenweichangbingqi、duanbingqi、ruanbingqi、feibingqi、anqi,erqiegezhongbingqidouyouduida,duicaolianrendouzhi、wanqiangpinbodejingshen,qiangshenzhuangtidouyoulianghaoxiaoguo,youqimeishanquanbingqitaolubiaoyan,guanshangjiazhihengao,tajingjiubushuai,congguzhijinshenshouguangdarenminqunzhongxiaituichong。

ag恒峰meishanquanbingqizaigezhongwushubisaizhongdouhuodehenhaodechengjihemingci。ru1986nian5yue,chenyiqiuxianshengdaibiaohunanshengzaixuzhoucanjiaquanguowushuguanmodasai,pingmeishanquanyumeishancironghuozuigaojiang——“xiongshi”jiang,beiyuweiwulinde“qipakuixiu”。

houqizhixiuchenchaoyanghuoloudidiquwushubisai(qiang、dao、quan)junshidiyiming,huonanziquannengguanjun。chencaixiahuoloudidiquwushubisainvzizu(gun、jian、quan)doushidiyiming,huonvziquannengguanjun。chenchaowencanjiahunanshengwushubisaironghuoqiangshudiyiming。chenyonghuicanjiagaokaowushumanfen,beihunanshidatezhao,ruxuejinyigeyuecanjiahunandaxueshengwushubisaironghuoqiang、dao、jian、quansixiangdiyiming,ronghuoquannengguanjun。zhongzhiyinghuoquanguowushubisainvziguanjun。

尤其,陳益球先生名徒袁軍平于2015年在第十屆全國少數民族傳統體育運動會上以“梅山板凳拳”榮獲第一名,這也是湖南代表團參加該運動會以來奪得的第一塊武術金牌。2010年以來,陳益球先生培養的湖南人文科技學院學生6次蟬聯省武術比賽團體總分第一名。2016年少年武術隊參加國際武林武術比賽獲團體總分第一名,為梅山武術的傳承做出了卓越貢獻。

cong2011nianzhi2018nian,chenyiqiuchuanchengrenzuzhilvlingtuzitusunmencanjiameishanquanjinxuexiao、jinchengxiang、jinjiguan、jinshequ,jinchangkuang、jinshangchangdenghuodong100duochangci,zaimeiyichang、meiyichubiaoyanzhonggezhongbingqiguangcaiduomu,“daoguangjianying”、“qiangsiyoulong”、“daorumenghu”、“feipaguankong”、“gundadapian”、“liuxingganyue”、“bingqiduida”、weifengzhentian,junshidujuyige,wanminhuantianxidi,leyibujue,hecaishengxuantian。

ag恒峰cong2011nianzhi2017nian,chenyiqiuxianshengniannianzuzhirenyuancanjia“quanguoquanminjianshenri”huodong,suozaideaghengfeng meishanwushuwenhuayanjiuyuanbeishenglishouyu“hunanshengquanminjianshenxianjindanwei”guangrongchenghao。

ag恒峰gaiguanbencimeishanquanbingqizhanlandebingqi,jinjinzhishichenyiqiuchuanchengrenzhenzangzuyichuandejishaobufen,erqiebeiguojiazai1986nian3yuezhi6yueqijian,wushuwajuezhenglichengguozhantongyibushuzaibeijingtiananmenneidehunanzhanlanguanzhanchu,shoudaoguoneiwaigejieguanshangzhedegaoduhaoping。huanyouyixiexiyoubingqijunshichenyiqiuchuanchengrenfangyuanbingqizhizuo,jiangqixiangeiguojiaheshimin,chuanchengzisunwandai,zheyeshichenlaoyishengdexinyuan,yijiguangdarenminqunzhongdepoqieyaoqiu。

1、梅山拳兵器的萌芽時期  

meishanquanbingqideqiyuanyuyuanshishehui,yuanshishiqi,meishanrenyongshidazhichengshiqi。zhexieshiqijinguanhencucao,queningjuzhumeishanrendezhihui,shitamengenjulaodongdexuyaoerzhizaode。kanzaqiyonglaikanfamucaihezhizaoshoulieyongdemubang,guaxueqiyonglaiguaxuemubanghegeboshoupideng,jianzhuangqiyonglaiwajuezhiwudegenjingdeng。zhezhongyoumudedechuangzaoxinglaodongshimeishanrenmenzhengfuelieziranteyoubenling,yeshimeishanquanbingqideyuanyuanjijijifamengyadechansheng。

據考證,蚩尤乃現在中國著名武術之鄉,湖南省ag恒峰 新化縣大熊山人氏。而且蚩尤是中國武術古兵器最早的創造者,“軒轅始制,出警入蹕”。設待執鋮二人,執撾十人,謂之虎賁,即今鎮殿將軍力士也。”可見,隨著生產的發展,階級的形成,梅山拳兵器不僅種類增多,而且殺傷力也增強。

yuanshishehuimoqi,meishanquanchuxiandapiyijiaodicaolianwuyirenqun。wanglongshandedajigubingqi;zhangwu郎shenfahefeilongjian、zhanshajian。houchuanrenchiyoujiangqifayang,chiyoufangwuqinxi,chuang“jiaodi”,zhi“wubing”。juliangrenfang《shuyiji》cheng:“chiyoushixiongdibashiyiren,tongtoutiee,shitieshi,xuanyuanzhuzhiyuzhuoluzhiye。”qinhanjianshuo:‘chiyouerbinrujianji,touyoujiao;yuxuanyuandou,yijiaodiren,renmonengxiang。’jinjizhouyoulemingchiyouxi,qiminliangliangsansan,toudainiujiaomianxiangdi,hanzaojiaodixi,gaiqiyizhiye。”

chiyou“wubing”,beikanzuofamingshishangdezhongyaochengjiu。《taipingyulan》juan339yin《shangshu》yue:“huangdizhishi,yiyuweibing。chiyouzhishi,lianjinweibing,gegeweijia,shizhiwubing。”

handaiyijingyi“wubing”zuoweizhuyaobingqidetongcheng。《taipingyulan》juan241yin《hanjiuyi》yue:“qimenqizhe,longxigongshelierenjinengyongwubingcailierbairen,wangmangweihubilang。”“nengyongwubing”yingshijunrenyou“caili”zhejibentiaojian。“wubing”suiranyijingchengweizhidaibingqideyizhongtongyongfuhao,ranerjutisuozhi,queweinengyizhi。《taipingyulan》juan339yin《zhouli》:“wubingzhe,ge、shu、zai、mao、mouyi。”《beitangshuchao》juan79“tingchang”tiaoyin《hanjiuyi》:“tingchangxidiaowubing。wubing,yannu、ji、dao、jian、kaiye。”《taipingyulan》juan353yin《shuowen》:“gongshiwei,shumaoshou,gejizhu(wubingchangduangeyousuoyi,yinshiershi),fanwubing。”《rizhilu》juan7:“guzhiyanbing,feijinrizhibing,weiwubingye,guyuetianshengwucai,shuinengqubing。《shiben》:‘chiyouyijinzuobing,yigong,ershu,sanmao,sige,wuji。’《zhouli?siyou》‘wubing’zhuyin《simafa》yue:‘gongshiwei,shumaoshou,gejizhushiye’”。yourenshenzhirenweichebinghebubinggeyoubutongde“wubing”。《taipingyulan》juan339yinfanwenyuan《qijingyiganggelun》yue:“cheshangwubing:ge、shu、chezai、qiumao、mouyi。buzuwubing:ge、shu、chezai、qiumao、ji。”zhengshiyinweidui“wubing”dejieshuogeyoubutong,handaihuaxiangzhongsuobiaoxiande“chiyouwubing”dejutixingshiyeyouchayi。jumeishanlidaidawushideyichuan,chiyou“wubing”wei:changbing、duanbing、ruanbing、gongbing、feibing(anqi)denggebingqijifaliuchuanzhijin。

ag恒峰songdaixuezheduoyi“chiyouwubing”yu“lisizhuanli”binglie,qifaming“buyirenfei”。《shuofu》juan89xiaouyangxiu《jigulu》“qinershizhao”tiaoshuo:“youqinershizhao,lisizhuan。tianxiazhishi,guyouchuyubuxing,gouyoukeyongyushi,bubijieshengxianzhizuoye。chiyouzuowubing,zhouzuoqiqi,buyierrenzhieerfeiwanshizhiliye。xiaozhuanzhifachuyulisi。”wangshipeng《meixiji》houjijuan4《ciyunliangweiqinbeigufeng》:“shangcailieshimiaoxiaozhuan,nushisutitufeipi。dongfengtaishannanruyue,dashushenkeguangluli。shaqiufengxingrenshibian,guijizuchishuijiezi。hanxingwanshiyisaoqu,weiyouzhuankeyuxingyi。moyayuzuobuxiuji,qirulishubujiqi。chiyouwubingzhouqiqi,renwumeieningxiangci。wosuiguoqinaiyihua,nanshanruwangpinzhiyi。”huangzhen《huangshirichao》juan39yinlihaoshuo:“chiyouwubing,lisizhuanli,goubianyushi,buyirenfei。”youzhangchi《nanxuanji》juan37《libushilangligongmuming》shuolihaoshi:“gongbaizaixiangzhizheng:chiyouwubing,lisizhuanli,goubianyushi,yibudangyirenfei。”mingdaixuezheyangshen《danqianyulu》juan8yeshuo:“chiyouwubing,lisizhuanshu,goubianyushi,renqishezhu?gunzhichengye,jiezhiwaye,qinzhibianfangye,suizhicaoheye,zhijinlaizhi。guyue:shanyongrenzhewuqiren,shanyongwuzhewuqiwu。”“wubing”famingdeyiyidedaokending,chiyouzaimingshizhongdediweiyededaokending。

dangshimeishanchuwanglongshan、zhangwu郎、chiyouzhizaobingqiwai,huanchuxianlewangmeng、futianxi、baiyixiantongdengyidapishanzhibingrenwu。tamenmofangshanshangdeyeshengdong、zhiwudezhua、yadengyanzhi,rufangzuomucichuangzhiliangbianfenglidemao。wanglongshanshouchuanglongzhuamao、qixingpa、shenlongdao、、chai、dao、shenlongqiang、zhangwu郎deshenlongjian、zhanshajian,wangmengdecipa、huchai,kaishanfu,futianxidenujian、biao、langyamaojitielianjiabang、litianhuade“gouliandao”“yimao、“feipa”,zhaotianxiangde“yugou”、“yuchai”、“zhafu”、“yingzuigou”dengbingqidoushizheyangchuangzaochulaide。xianzaitielianjiabangjiushimeishandiqunonghujiadedamaijia,yitieshizhi,liyuzishangjixia,jilingmiao,shashangqiang,jiyongyushizhanbingqi,younengzuoshengchangongju;erqietamendailingmeishanrenminbuduancaolian,qiwuyigaishi,fashujingzhan,zhijinliuchuanshuozhangwulangjiangshenlongjianyihui,baishanengchu,youshenchuguimei,wangyeshande“shenda”、“shenbingqi”jiucichansheng,weimingliuchuanshenguang,feichangshoumeishanrenmenjingyang,xianzaizaimeishanminjiangenonghuweilexinyangzhangwulang,bazhangwulanglideshenwei,bingbianxiehenduoshenhuabandegeyao。buguanzenyang,zhangwulangdengrenzaineishishiweiwuyi(bingqi)defazhanzuochuzhuoyuechengxiaoershimeishanrenmenbatafengchengweishengshi、shenxian。erneishidemeishanrenmenyebixuyikaozheyangdenengrenlaiweihuhebaohutamen。meishanrenmenweileshengcun,bixucongshicaijiheshoulie。“riyuqinshouju,zuyuwanwubing。”zaiyinchengqundemengshouhedazirandegezhongdouzhengzhong,kaoxinqindelaodong,wanqiangdedouzhihejitideliliang、zhihui,paichulezhongzhongkunnan,cainengmianyumengshouzhihai,deyibaocunshengmingjihuodegudingdeshiwu,deyishengcunhefanyanxialai。shouliehutongshimeishanrenmenweileshengcunhejinxingziweisuobixudehuodong,yigelieshou,tongshiyeshizhanshi。zhandoudebingqi,yeshishouliedebingqi,renmenzaitongzhuhegezizhaizhudelvlingxia,jiangyiyuyeshoubodoudejinengdongzuojinxingquandajiaoti,yizhaoyishijinxingcaolian,erqiebazijizhidemao、pa、gun、bang、dao、fu、jian、gou、chai、cijinujiandengbingqijinxingyangedegongfangjijijishuxunlian,shigegeliandetipoqiangzhuang,renrenhaowushandou。suizhuzhanzhenggengjiapinfan,guimoyeriyikuoda。bufenzhizailaodongzhongshiyongdegongju,changchangyoushisuishenxiedaidebingqi,bashouliedegongjuhelaodongshengchanjinengyongyuzhandoufangmianshixingchenglezuozhandebingqihezhandoudejineng。zhubuzhuanhuaweibeizhan,jinxingjunshijinengdexunlianhetizhideduanlian,meishanquandechang、duan、ruan、feibingqikaishimengya,bingchengweiyoumude、youyishideshehuihuodong,zhejiuxingchenglemeishanquanshizhandebingqi。

2、梅山拳兵器興起時期 

yinzhoushidai,jinrulenulishehuihou,meishangetongtongzhuheshanzhaizhaizhuchansheng,suizhushehuidejinbu,bingqiyejiuyoushiqi、guqijizhumuqijinrudaotongqi。zhexiebingqi(gongju)chuleyongyushengchanwai,meishantongzhuyuzhaizhuhuanyongyuzhenyanulihepingmindefankang。erqiezhuzhurenmendezengduo,yigetongzhujizhaizhuweishouzhengdipandebuluodouzhengjifa。congciyounongjuzhuanhuaweizhanzhengbingqi,rumeishangun、bang、pa、shu、ge、ba、gou、shikuai(pian)、yeshougudaoqidengshengchangongjuzhubuxingchengzhanzhengzhongdetongbingqile。erqiezhongleidadazengduo,duoziduoyang,xuanmiaoguqi,shashangliqiang,fengliwubi。youyujunshizuozhandexuyao,bujincushibingqiyoujiandanxiangfuza、youdanyixiangduoyanghuafazhan,tongshiyecujinlegongfanggedoujinengdefazhan。suizhuyetongyedechuxian,tongmao、tongge、tongfu、tongyue、tongdao、tongjiandengbingqidaliangshiyongqilai。dangshimeishanquandeneironghegainian,chujudajiaotiwai,huanbaokuoshejianhechang、duan、ruanbingqishizhanjinengdeshiyong。

3、梅山拳兵器發展時期 

chunqiuzhanguoshidai,zhanzhenggaodashubaici,zailianxuzhanzhengguochengzhong,shimeishanquanbingqidedaogaijinheshiyong,shigongfanggedoujishudedaofazhan。pinfandezhanzheng,bingqishashanglidejiaqiang,shibingqideneironggengjiafengfuduocai。tushoufangmian,jiaoli(suchengbashoudajia)shilianwudezhuyaoneirong,qinna、quanjiaobingyongdebodou。chucizhiwai,lianquanbixulianli,juding、shisuoshilianlihejiaolideyizhonghuodong。youyudaliangbingqidechuxian,ruheyunyongzhexiebingqijinxingduo、gua、pi、kan、zha、cideng,bixuzaipingshijiayixunlian。quanshushibingqidejichu,yincilianwudetongshi,yejiaqiangliliangdexunlian,juzhongjiuchengweilianbingdexiangmu。《xunzi?yibing》pianzhongyouchurenlongjijizhishuo。suowei“jiji”,baokuobingqishiyongjiqiaohequanshuzainei。youqishitieqidechuxian,jiji、xiangbo、shouzhan、shejiandengdedaofazhan,lianwudeneironggengjiafengfu,meishanwuyidegainianyededaoshenhua。

shenmidemeishanjiao:meishandishiyougaoerdi,ziranxingchengshang、zhong、xiasantong。renmenzaichangqishoulieshenghuozhong,yongxianchusangejiechudeliehu,mingweifutianxi、litianhua、zhaotianxiang。tamenbudanyoujingrendequanhebuyeshoudechaofanbenling,huanyoujiangmofuyaodefashu。yinci,fubeiyongweishangtongyaowang,libeiyongweizhongtongyaowang,zhaobeiyongweixiatongyaowang。yaowangzailingdaoqunzhongdechangqishoulieshenghuozhong,jileilexuduoganshanjingyan,shejilexuduobuhuofangfa,rushangtongmeishande“zhuangchewannu”、zhongtongmeishande“youshanyilie”、xiatongmeishande“diaoyudawang”,jiushiqigezidetechang。zhexiejishu,tongguozhaotuxuexi,bingshouyishoujuekouzhou,shixinlingshenhui,shidaixiangchuan。santongyaowang,shengbeizunweishoulieshouling,sibeifengweimeishanzushi。houlailiehudouyongmudiaohuoshikeyizuoxiaoxingmeishanshenpusa,zhiyushangtan,chengzhiweitanzhu。chulieqianqingqiumeishanshenbaoyou: yibubeimengshouyao,erbubeisheshi,sanbuzhuixuanyan,sibuzaojiaoci。jinshanqian,biyongsankuaishitouhuowasanpian,jiazairenshoucaibudaodepianpidifang,huosanchalukoudegushuxia,yishimeishanshenzaici。lierendaoleshanshang,rufaxianyeshouzuji,jifanshouchesangenmaocao,bacaojianwangegeda,yongxiaoshikuaiyazaisanchalukou,jiaozuo“fengshan”,juchuanzheyangzuo,yeshouzaishanzhongjiuhuimilu,zhuanlaizhuanqu,buhuitaozou。huanyoudelierenjinshanhou,suishouzheyigenshuzhi,xiangsaodiyiyang,yongshuzhixiangzhegeshanyaosaoyixia,xiangneigeshandingsaoliangxia,zairaozhenggeshantousaogequanhou,jixidipantuierzuo,kounianzhouyu,mingwei“xiafa”。fabi,zaidailiequanshouzhukakou,dengdaiyeshoudaolaiyuyibusha。meishanjiaodeyuwengzaihelidiaoyu,chuidiaohou,yujishanggou,gujisuodiaodeyunengmanzudangridexuyao,jiubudiaole。zhuoniqiushi,yishiyaochiduoshao,jiuzhuoduoshao,junxuzunshouzushiyedejiaogui,budetanerwuyan。meishandeziranzongjiao,wujiaoyumeishanjiaosuizhuyaozurendeyuanjulidaqianxixiaojizhongerliuchuanzhijin。qizhong“fengsitongtaoyuan”he“xinyangmeishanjiao”,gengjinyibucujinlebingqidefazhan。chengweigediyaozurenyuanchumeishandetezheng。

zhexiemeishantongminmen,zaipingshijiuyongzhexieshenqidegongjian、shenlongmao、feibiao、feichaijinxingbulie,rijiyuelei,jiyidatigao;zhanshi,shenchuguimei。

4、梅山拳兵器興盛時期 

tangzhongzongshixingwujuzhi,duiwujudeneirongzuoleyangedeyaoqiu。chushejianwai,youyoumaqiang、fuzhong、shencaizhixuan。jianshuzaijunshishangzuoyongjianshaole,ranerjianshenzuoyongyuelaiyueda,duikangxingdedoujianshaole,zuoweibiaoyanjishuheduanlianshentidejianshutaolubeirenmenzhangwohefazhanzhu,wushudexingzhifashengbianhua,jianshen、biaoyan、junshisanzhejieheqilai,cujinlemeishanquanhebingqidefazhan。meishanhenduowulingaoshouyongyuecanjiawujukekao。dangshiwangyeshan:chenshenghuadesaneryinv,wuyichaoqun,shenqiangtizhuang,canjiawukekaozhongsanzisizhuangyuan,liannvxudoukaoshangwuzhuangyuan,gengquanmianditigaolewuyi。

ag恒峰liangsongshiqi,meishanquanbingqitongguogezhongquanshehuxiangchuanbo,heihuquanshe、baihuquanshe、longdenghui、gongjianshe、shenlongquanshe、zhanshenquanshexiangjichuxian。dangshidelianwuneirongyoubingqifangmiandeshejian、shibang、nonggun、shuadaoqiang、wujian、huichaideng18banbingqiyangyangjuquan;lianshentisuozhideyoujuzhong、dadan、lianshisuo、shidandeng,tushoudejiaodishiquan、shoubo。quanshutaoluyugezhongbingqiyoudanlian、duilianhejitibiaoyan,shigebingqijijifayouchangzufazhan。

ag恒峰songxingguoernian(977), taizongpaidajiangjushousujingongmeishan,weike。xiningwunian(1072),shenzonggaiyonghuairouzhengce,paicaiyuzhaofumeishandongzhu,meishancainarusongchaobantu,zhengshimingming“xinhua”,shouhuangfazhiyixinye。meishansuiranguifuchaoting,renminrengbaochiyongmengqianghandexinggeheshangwujingshen。songmoyuanbingnanqin,tongzhuzhanghu、zhoulongweishouqibingkangyuan,yijushoufu8xian,weizhenquansong。cifanzhanyi,shiyichangjiangshiyongmengyubingqijingliangdexiezouqu。

yuandaishijitangdaizhihouzhongguolishishangchuxiandeyigetongyishidai,chuqima、shejian、jiaodidengchuantongdesanxiangneirongwai,huanbaoliuledao、qiang、jian、gundengbingqixiangmu。fengjianwangchaoweileshehuizhixuwending,minjianjinzhilianwu,bingqijianjianbeiqiaomiaodibaoliuzaiwutaishang,bingshitachengshihua。youyuwushushouxijudeyingxiang,taoluzouxiangyishuhua,neirongyekaishifenhua,yibufenyongyujunshi,yibufenweixijufuwu,weihoulaibingqidefazhandaxiajichu。

5、梅山拳兵器大發展時期 

ag恒峰mingqingshiwuyijidachengdefazhanshiqi,liupailinli,meishanquanbingqibuduandedaotuijin。zheshiyiquanshubingqitaoluxingshiweizhudelianwuhuodongguangweiliuchuan。youyuyoulechengxingdetaolujishu,jiubianyuguanmo、chuanshou、jiaoliu。bianyuchuaimohelinghuitaoludeaomi,shilianxizhechanshengxingqu,changqijianchibuxie,keguanshangcujinleshentijinengdefazhan,youyuchengxingbianyuquandaqianbian,shenfaziran,shishou、yan、shenfabudeyanlianjiqiao、jinglihefangfadengbiaoyanxingshiqilebianhua。erzhexiebianhuayouliyujunshijishudelianxi。chutaoluzhezhongyundongxingshiwai,duikangxingdebiwu,rushoubo、qinna、shuaidajibingqiduidashizhanjijifayequanmianxingtigao。

mingjiajingshiwunian(1536),xinhuadaji,jimintuilitingyuanweishoulingzuzhikangji,tamenshenzhukaijia,beifugeji,chumeiyuxiangxiang、ningxiang,anhua,xupuzhijian,guanfumogannaihe。mingwanlishiyinian(1583),litingyuanbeizhixianyaojiugongyoupianfuyan,yinjiushizaoxiji。tabajianfeiyanerqi,zujianqiquanzhigaoqiang。

ju《xinhuaxiandu》diwuzhang《zhanshi》。《lizichengyuanbujiangzhuanzhanxianjing》zai:

nanmingyongliyuannian(164)chun,qingbingjinbihunan,zhuyiyangyuanlizichengbujiangwangjincailvbuzhixiangyin,yumingbingwangyunchengquanying。3yue26ri,xiangyinshishou,liangjun10wanyurenqudaoningxiangzhiruxinhuaxianjing。wangyunchengbukaiwangshupu,wangjincaizhuzhayangxi。4yue,kaifushaoyang、longhuidengdi。cinian,lizichengzhilijinyumingzongbingmajinzhongzhengchangde,wangjincailingbingjingxinhua,qianwangxiangzhu,shiyuezhehuiyouzhuyangxi。lizichengyuanjiangyuanzongdi、liutitongliangbuyezichangdekaijinxinhuaxianjing,potianmazhai,jingluguanyangxiyuwangjincaihuishi,binggongnanshanzhai,duiqiyigeduoyue。dangshi,haokunzhuzhaiduikang,yuanlvbinglianxugongkechangfu、gaofeng、luohong、jinfengdengzhai。wangjincai、yuanzongdi、liutichundengzaixinhuazhujunpozhaijinsannianshijian,shimeishanquanbingqidedaokongqianfazhan,zhanshugengdezhitisheng。erhou,yonglisannian(1649nian)sanyueniuwancaiyouqinruxinhuayongningqidoudefengjia、maotian、xixi、taiyangdengxiang,bayuexuandingdashixiweidabenying,donggongxiujianyongjiuxingyingfang,zhubingshiwan。juzhaojiwangyeshanwulingaoshou,yongshikuoying,quanyouniuwancaikongzhi。shiwangyeshanbentudegezhongbingqijinengzhanshuyuqingjunbingqirongweiyiti,youqiwangyeshandebingqizaishizhanzhongdejiazhidatisheng。gengshi,wangyeshande“da”yangmingsihai。

mingqingliangchao,xinhuawushuchuxianlechangshengshiqi。bushaorenchurenchaotingwuguan,chengweijianghuxiake,minjianxiwuzhechuchujieshi,youyiwangyeshanyidaizuiweizhuming。mingqingqijian,xinhuaxianjingkejukaoshizhongwujiangzhe61ren,zhongjiangcaizhe22ren,mingchongzhenshiqinian(1644) dianshi,liumingyue、tandeze、tanlongxiang、tandaxian、lizhenglie、xieshizhen、liushouxianqidengjinbang。qingtongzhinianjian,xianchengximenwaikanshangrenliudaoju,xingwuchushen,yinzhengzhanyougong,  chaotingshouyuzhenweijiangjun,buxietaizhizhi。qingxianfengnianjian,liushengxiangcongxiaoxiwu,wuyichaoqun,qingnianshidaikaozhongjinshi,yihouyoububushangsheng,zhizhititai。qingmoqijian,  meishanquandadaochushenruhuajingdi。dapi“wulingaoyu”yongxian。jinwanggushanjiuyouzhumingdewushiwujialiu、wuzaixian,wuzaixian,luoyunqing,xieweiyin,yangsanhengdengren。julibaoyisuozhu《hunanjijijiwenji》zai:“……wuzaimingshanyinggong,jianshengqineng。xiangshizhongyizhuo,zhuoxijianmusuozao,puzhidimian,pianwuzhichazhi,dongmuru……。”wuzaixian,shanqinggong,zaihanyangmatouchuanshang,yuyihuoqiangren,tasongshenyitiao,qingrufeiyan,zhayanyizaiweidian。weigaoshuzhang,dianxiaobunengrongzu,wuyizucelihuhan,banxiangshixia,zhongqiangrendajing,“cieryudiwangzisongsi”,yushixuxuyinqu……luoyunqingcengzaiguizhouyidaiweiyanfanbaobiao,wuyigaoqiang,shengpingweishishi,lvlinjiezhi。dangshimeidaochunjieqijianbiwendewulongshuashihuodongdadaogaochao,wulonghoudouyaobiaoyanwushu,tebiebingqishibabanxiangyibisaifenchugaoxia,zhegengjiacujinlemeishanquanbingqitaoludewanshan。

lidaimeishanquanzhubingqidefazhan,jiushibatayouliyuzengqiangrenmintizhidechuantongtiyuyundongxiangmu,youyujijixingqiang,xiangmufanduo,qineirongfengfuduocai,shenshourenminxiaibingguangfanchuanbo,congersuishidaidebutongerfashengzhidebianhua。

meishanquanbingqidefazhan,weileshuxifenglizhiqi,xianyibaidahemubangxishouzugongjizhifa。suiranbaidabushibingqi,naishishoubo,jijintushouquanshu。danshiju《wuzazu》zai:“wuyishibaban,erbaidajuyiye。”bingshifenmingxiandizhichu:yaolianxihaoshiqizhongbingqidejiyi,lianxihaotushouquanshu,naishijibengong,judiyiwei。meishanquanbingqizaimingdaihouchengweiwubingqi,huochengwei“shibabanwuyi”。suoyi,suizhushidaidefazhan,jiuchuxianlegezhongbutongde“shibabanbingqi”,erqiedadaosanshiliuzhongzhiduo,yuanyuanchaoguo18zhongbingqideshuohua。zaibeisongshi,meishanquanbingqiyoumao、chui、gong、nu、chong,“bianjianjianlianzhua,fuyuebinggemeng,chaibangyubaqiang。nansonghuayuebiandeyibubingshu《cuiweibeizhenglu》juanqijishu:“chenwenjunqisanshiyouliu,ergongweichengshou:wuyiyishiyouba,ergongweidiyi。”zheyishuofa,zaimingdaitangshunzhisuozhuan《wubian》zhongyeshuo:“junqisanshiyouliu,ergongweichengshou。wuyiyicaiyouba,  ergongweidiyi。”bingqiemingxiezhaozhizai《wuzazu》zhongjishule“shibabanwuyi”dejutineirong:“yigongernusanqiangsidaowujianliumaoqidunbafujiuyueshijishiyibianshierjianshisanzhuashisishushiwuchashiliupashiqimianshengtaosuoshibabaida。”juqingdaizhoulianggong《minxiaoji》shuo:“wuyishibayibaida,yibaidaweizhong,minghuqishicuntieye。”youcong《wubeizhi》zaiyudayouwen:“jizhiqiyoudaqi,daaipai、youhuchai、gouliandao、changduanbingdao,chujiaolingyimubangxishouzugongjizhifa。”“gaigejijiefenglizhiqi,nanyiduibi,gumeicaobilingyigunjiaoji,yanqishengshu,ruochuzhengzebudaigunye。”tongshiqijiguangzai《jixiaoxinshu》zhongshuo:“quanfasiwumaodazhanji,ranhuodongshouzu,guanqinzhiti,ciweichuxueruyizhimenye。”

6、梅山拳兵器新的發展 

genjuyishanglishijizaihemeishanquanbingqifazhanzhengming,bulun“shibawuyi”huo“shibabanbingqi”,huanshisanshiliuzhongbingqideng,doulibukaibaishou,jibengongdequanjifaweijianshigenji,qitagezhongdebingqijifajinengdoushimeishangun、bangdejifaeryanbianchengdegezhongbingqitaoluheduidazhongdepi、kan、xue、ci、sao、chuojijijinengdengxiangmu。erqiecongyuanshiyueliedezirandouzhengxingchengdebingqi(shengchangongju),xianzaidabufenrengyongyushengchanshenghuogongjujiyongpin,youdechengweifangshenjiantidechuantongtiyuyundong(qicai)yulexiangmu,rubiandanjishishengchangongju,danminjianqunzhonghuanshidanggunshidefanghubingqi;chai、bajiliuxingyidaochunjiewulongshuashidewushuxiangmubiaoyanzhonglvjianbuxian,guangcaiduomu,gengzengqianghenduoxiangmujifengfudejiqiaodongzuo,youdan、shuangliuxing、shui、huoliuxingdeng;gezhongbingqideduidaxiangmuyezengduo,gengshidaoguangjianshan、kourenxinxian、tuichenchuangxin,shibabanneidebingqiyongyuanshourenminqunzhongxiaituichong。

ag恒峰congguzhijin,quanxiebinglianshimeishanquandeyidatedian,tayifangmianfengfulewushudeneirong,lingyifangmianfengfulegoutongleqiyuguzhanzhengdelianxiqudao。meishanquanbingqideyanbianyeshiyouyigejianjindeguocheng,youzhierqiao,youjianerfan,zaijingguoshiyong、meiguan、fangbiansanfangmiandelvxuan,erzhubugudingxiaruoganzhongjiaojudaibiaoxingdebingqi,  lidairenmentongchangchengzhiwei“shibabanbingqi”,bingjiangshiyongzhexiebingqidenenglichengwei“shibabanwuyi”。zhuyaoyou:shu、dao、qiang、mao、ge、gun、chai、ji、pa、jing、chui、fu、gou、lian、gongjian、liuxing、xiezhu、shenbian、feidandeng。qizhongbaohanduanbingqi、changbingqi、zhongbingqi、qingbingqi、yingbingqi、ruanbingqijixiyoubingqi。

ag恒峰danmeishanquanbingqiyeyuanfei“shibaban”suonenghangai。shijishang,zaiquanpuzhongsuozaibingqijiuyouliushizhongyishang。

7、梅山拳兵器理論的創新

meishanquanbingqiqianshenshiwangyeshandazhongdeshibabanwuyi,cong20shiji70niandaikaishiyouchenyiqiuchuanchengrenshenrujingxindewajuezhengli,shoucijiangwangyeshan“da”shibabanwuyiguanming“meishanquanbingqi”,zonggongyou1180duozhong,qizhongfenweichangbingqi、duanbingqi、ruanbingqi、feibingqi、anqi,yijibianzhuchenggezhongbingqitaolu,bingqiduidadengxiangmudezhuanzhu,yingshiguangpan;yu20shiji80niandailieru“zhonghuawushuquanxielu”jibeihunanshengxuanru《hunanshengwushushi》、《hunanshengwushuquanxielu》dengshiceyifangguangcai。tongshi,bianzhude《meishanwugong》、《meishanshange》、《meishanwenhuashuxi》ji《meishanquanshuxi》dengzhuanzhu22ce,faxingguoneiwai。erqiegezhongbingqidouyouduida,duicaolianrendouzhi、wanqiangpinbodejingshen,qiangshenzhuangtidouyoulianghaoxiaoguo,youqimeishanquanbingqitaolubiaoyan,guanshangjiazhihengao,tajingjiubushuai,congguzhijinshenshouguangdarenminqunzhongxiaituichong。

梅山拳兵器有:

yi、changbingqi

qimeigun、jiuchidingpa、sanmiancipa、qixingpa、nanyangpa、niujiaopa、sancipa、daocipa、laohuchai、changbameishanci、niujiaoci、sanchaici、langyagougouci、liandaogouci、chaboci、chachansheci、daogouci、fangouci、suohouci、qinglongmao、suobiao、changbingge、daibingtongmao、shuangdiaoqiang、dandiaoqiang、huanziqiang、zuoxieqiang、suomuqiang、zhuiqiang、tainingbiqiang、changbingdanji、changbingsangeji、chunqiudadao、huajidao、tangdaimodao、qudao、yanyuedao、meijian。

er、duanbingqi

longfengjian、qinglongjian、tiejian、tiechai、langyahudao、liuxiedao、duodao、wanliandao、hutoudao、longquanbaodao、yaodao、xijiaojian、qinglongjian、longfengjian、longfengbishou、yueyashuanggou(gejigou)、yingzuifu、xiantongfu、goulianfu、yuanmaofu、langyafu、yuanlianfu、longtoufu、hudoufu、kuandaofu、jiandaofu、zuofu、kanfu、kaishanfu、hushendao、duanbingge、bawangchui、zhanshajian、bajiaochui、jianchui、fangchui、meishangong。

san、ruanbingqi

shenbiao、jianbiao、shuangcibiao、xiezhu、danliuxing、shuangliuxing、huoliuxing、shuiliuxing、sanjiegun、feigou、langyachui、shuangfeizhua、feizhua、feichui、tielianchibang。

si、gongjian

ag恒峰shenlonggong、chiyougong、zhanshengong、huanghuagong、kaiyuangong、xiaoshaogong、heiqigong、xixiangmugong、huojian、wulongtiejijian、shenlongjian、minggaojian、diangangjian、minglingfeigongjian、qinglongjian、hechijian、shetoujian(dujian)

ag恒峰wu、tiaodengnu、munu、huanghuanu、baihuanu、huashaonu。

liu、xiyoubingqi:meishanshuangci、hushoubao。

七、飛(暗)兵器:彈弓、彈射、神標。

標簽: [ 編輯:王星 ]

版權與免責聲明:

婁底日報、婁底晚報所有自采新聞(含圖片)獨家授權婁底新新網發布,凡注明為婁底新新網的稿件轉載務必注明來源原文鏈接地址ag恒峰,違者本網將依法追究責任。

fanbenwangzhuming“laiyuan:xxx(feiloudixinxinwang)”dezuopin,junzhuanzaiziqitameiti,zhuanzaimudezaiyuchuandigengduoxinxi,bingbudaibiaobenwangzantongqiguandianheduiqizhenshixingfuze。

相關閱讀

新聞頭條

熱點推薦

熱點圖片

分享到:QQ空間新浪微博騰訊微博人人網微信
ag真人试玩 ag真人试玩 电玩捕鱼 恒峰手机娱乐 恒峰游戏